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Tuesday, November 02, 2010
TV


METRO TV NEWS


Posted at 02:50 am by Hohok
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GEMPA BUMI REPUBLIK INDONESIA
Friday, June 25, 2010
PLWNGN JGJ LVE

 
   

 
 





   

http://www.bom.gov.au/fwo/IDYTX003.900VT_MSLP.000.gif
 ftp://ftp.gfz-potsdam.de/pub/home/st/GEOFON/OnDB/gifs/UGM.active.gif




Posted at 05:14 pm by Hohok
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Friday, November 13, 2009
CCTV Online

Area Pemantauan CCTV

Malioboro Yogyakarta saat ini

Malioboro Yogyakarta 1

Malioboro Yogyakarta 1

Malioboro Yogyakarta 2


MERAK | MERAK2 | BAKAUHENI | BANDARA | SERANG | RANGKAS | JAKARTA | JAKARTA-2 | PANTURA | PANTURA-2 | JABAR | JATENG-JOGJA | SEMARANG | SOLO | PURWOKERTO | JATIM | BALI | LITAS PANTURA DAN SELATAN |

Area lain Pemantauan CCTV :

Sumatera **BARU**

Pelabuhan Penyebrangan Bakauheni Stasiun KA Medan

Banten **BARU**

Pelabuhan Merak Dermaga 3 Pelabuhan Merak Posko Telkom Pintu Masuk Pelabuhan Merak

Jakarta Kota ** BARU **

Cempaka Putih Jakarta Pusat Jl Sisingamangaraja Jakarta Selatan KARANG TENGAH KEBON JERUK Kampung Melayu Jakarta Timur Lodan Jakarta Utara MERUYA PONDOK RANJI Prumpung Jakarta Timur SIMPANG SUSUN TANGERANG TOMANG

Pantura & Tol ** BARU**

BEKASI BARAT BEKASI TIMUR CIBITUNG CIKARANG KM 31 CIKOPO CIKUNIR 2 CIKUNIR 5 DAWUAN Jl Raya Gadog Cisarua KARANG UTAMA KARAWANG BARAT KARAWANG TIMUR Nagrek PERSIMPANGAN SADANG PONDOK GEDE BARAT PONDOK GEDE TIMUR Palimanan Cirebon Rest Area KM.19 Tol Cikampek Rest Area KM.57 Tol Cikampek TEMPAT ISTIRAHAT TEMPAT ISTIRAHAT1 Tanjakan Gentong (Malangbong) Tol Kanci Cirebon

TOL DALAM KOTA

CAWANG ATAS CAWANG CILILITAN CENGKARENG GROGOL KUNINGAN PANCORAN PEJOMPONGAN POSKO TANJUNGAN SEMANGGI DEPAN KANTOR PAJAK SIMPANG SUSUN KAMAL SIMPANG SUSUN PLUIT SS CAWANG SS TOMANG TANJUNG DUREN

JORR

CILIWUNG FATMAWATI GEDONG LENTENG AGUNG PONDOK PINANG SS PASAR REBO

JAGORAWI

CIAWI CIBINONG CIBUBUR CIMANGGIS GADOG GERBANG TOL DUKUH KALI CIPINANG KM 08+400 PASAR REBO SIMPANG SUSUN BOGOR TAMAN MINI

PURBALEUNYI

Bali **BARU**

Gilimanuk Dermaga Keberangkatan Gilimanuk Pintu Masuk Pelabuhan

Metro TV News
ANTV || RCTI || SCTV || METROTV || TRANSTV || BALITV || TVOne

FREE TV STREAMING

Informasi Televisi (TV), Radio dan CCTV Traffic Live Streaming di http://www.all-tv-streaming.blogspot.com, ada 129 Channel TV, 39 Radio Indonesia dan 117 Titik CCTV Tol Jasamarga

Streets forth Ramadhan Lebaran Hari Raya Puasa Mudik Transport And Car Arus Balik Lebaran Transportation Travel DLLAJ transportation departments Railway Holiday Travel Online Streaming Watch CCTV Mudik Lebaran Traffic Toll Roads And The City Enjoying Holiday Travel With Traffic Flow Monitoring Mudik And Arus Balik Lebaran Ramadan On the Road Through CCTV Camera Online Streaming Of Jasamarga. Purbaleunyi In Toll Gate City SADANG Ss Ss Cileunyi Padalarang West Padalarang Gt Ss Ss Jatiluhur Cengkareng Pasteur Pasteur Kamal Posko Ss Ss Tanjungan Pluit Ss Grogol Tomang Tanjung Duren IRS Pejompongan Dpn (Marsilea) Top Brass Ss Jewel MH MH MH Cililitan Jagorawi Jakarta-Cikampek Gadog Ss Ciawi Cimanggis Cibinong Cibubur Bogor Km 08 +400 Pasar Rebo Hamlet Park Toll Gate Mini Interchange Cipinang time Dawuan Cikopo SADANG Rest 59 Km East Karawang Karawang West Rest Home Cibitung Cikarang Cikarang Bekasi Timur Km 31 Bekasi Barat Cikunir 5 Pondok Gede Cikunir West 2 Pondok Gede Jakarta Timur Pondok Ranji, Tangerang Karang Tengah Tangerang Ss Kebon Jeruk Meruya Tomang Km 02 +000 Jorr Lenteng Pondok Pinang Fatmawati Ss Great Ciliwung Gedong Srondol Pasar Rebo Gayamsari Kaligawe Semarang Accident prone (06 +000), Surabaya-Gempol Banyu Gunung Sari Urip Bosem 4 Waru Ramp Dupak Porong Satellite Majenang STO Telkom Semarang Police Mangkang Kaligawe Salatiga Semarang Jalan Simpang Lima Semarang Yogyakarta Prambanan Trikora 1 Malioboro Malioboro Yogyakarta Yogyakarta 2 Jalan Raya Jalan Pemuda Pekalongan Ungaran Pertigaan Ajibarang Banyumas Highway Road Terminal Sukaye Tirtonadi Kroya Solo Purwokerto Galabo -- Langen Bogan Gladak Pertigaan Kartosuro Solo Solo Solo Telkom Cikampek Gladak Balonggandu Bridge Bridge Patrol Simpang Jomin Losarang SADANG Ps. Tegalgubug, Cirebon Losari Padalarang Bridge Cape Comal Nagrek Cileunyi Karanganyar Gentong Sumpiuh Ciamis Kulwaru Bridge

Posted at 08:51 am by Hohok
Comments (4)  

Saturday, January 07, 2006
Pantherophis obsoletus obsoletus

Microhabitat Selection and Movement Patterns of Black Rat Snakes (Pantherophis obsoletus obsoletus) in the Western Piedmont of North Carolina

Lisa C. Marks, Pierson Hill, Diana C. Chemotti and Michael E. Dorcas

Black rat snakes (Elaphe obsoleta) have a large geographic range, extending from southeastern Ontario west to Kansas and south to the Gulf Coast of Texas. Because of its broad range, populations of these snakes can differ greatly in habitat, activity, and home range size. To investigate black rat snake ecology in Davidson, North Carolina, we surgically implanted radio transmitters into 10 adult snakes captured on the Davidson College Ecological Preserve. Over the past year, we tracked each snake twice a week via radiotelemetry. When a snake was located, we recorded its location, general habitat, microhabitat, behavior, position, exposure to the sun, and UTMs. Using GIS, we analyzed home range size and activity patterns. By determining these factors in addition to habitat preferences of black rat snakes under natural conditions, this study will provide information necessary for the development of sound management and conservation plans.

Radio transmitter, coated in plasti-dip
The snake is intubated and placed under anesthesia
Insertion of transmitter into body cavity of snake
Radiotracking equipment: a receiver and antenna
Radiotracking in the field

Results

Average Seasonal Variation in Movement

 

Microhabitat Selection

 

Mean Home Range Size vs. Sex

 

Conclusions

Our current conclusions are tentative as we plan to continue the study for several more years. Presented below are our preliminary conlusions representing nour interpretation of the first year's worth of data.

1. We located black rat snakes most frequently underground and least frequently on the surface. Other microhabitats frequented included up in trees, inside trees, and in tree stumps.

2. Black rat snakes were most active in the spring and early fall, with activity decreasing in the winter months during hibernation.

3. Mean black rat snake home range size in our study was smaller than that of other studies, which could be attributed to a short study duration thus far.

4. Preliminary results indicate that mean female home range size was greater than mean male home range. This differs from the results of previous studies, and may be due to our short study duration thus far.

Back to the Student Research Page | Back to the Research Homepage


Posted at 09:36 pm by Hohok
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Friday, November 11, 2005
Sebuah Kata Mutiara

 

KEBERHASILANMU sebagai manusia

Tidak ditentukan54r oleh kesuksesanmu akan kekayaan¡K.ketenaran.. kecantikan..

pangkat dan kedudukanmu


Tidak karena keberhasilanmu dalam meraih keinginan dan mimpi-mimpi¡¦mu


Tidak karena kebahagiaan yang kau capai karena keberuntunganmu


KEBERHASILANMU adalah¡K

Ketika saat-saat buruk menghampirimu tapi kau tetap kuat


Ketika di hatimu hanya ada kasih dan perasaan positif terhadap semua mahluk di sekitarmu


Ketika perasaanmu dipenuhi ketenangan sejati

dan kebahagiaan abadi dan...

Ketika kasih Tuhan begitu dekat dan terasa dalam setiap nafas kehidupanmu.

Berlimpah.. dan selamanya..


ENGKAU TIDAK PERLU KHAWATIR TIDAK AKAN BERBAHAGIA

BILA ENGKAU GAGAL,

BILA ENGKAU DITINGGALKAN,

BILA ENGKAU KEHILANGAN...

tapi khawatirlah bila kasih Tuhan tak dapat lagi kau rasakan.

PERCAYALAH.. KEBAHAGIAAN TIDAK PERNAH MENINGGALKANMU..

KASIH TUHAN TIDAK PERNAH BERHENTI MENGALIR...

IA HANYA ¡¥SEDIKIT¡¦ TIDAK TERASA SAAT KAU MULAI LUPA PADANYA

SAAT KAU MULAI KHAWATIR PADA HAL LAIN LEBIH DARI RASA KHAWATIRMU KEPADANYA

Karna sesungguhnya.....

KEBAHAGIAAN SELALU ADA PADANYA



Ada kekuatan di dalam kedamaian diri

Orang yang dirinya penuh damai bahagia adalah orang yang kuat

Karena ia tidak pernah tergoyahkan

Dan tidak mudah diombang-ambingkan.



Ada kekuatan di dalam kesabaran,

Orang yang sabar adalah orang yang kuat

Karena ia sanggup menanggung segala sesuatu



Ada kekuatan di dalam kemurahan,

Orang yang murah hati adalah orang yang kuat

Karena ia tidak pernah menahan mulut dan tangannya

Untuk melakukan yang baik bagi sesamanya.



Ada kekuatan di dalam kesetiaan,

Orang yang setia adalah orang yang kuat

Karena ia bisa mengalahkan nafsu dan keinginan pribadi

Dengan kesetiaannya kepada Allah dan sesama.



Ada kekuatan di dalam penguasaan diri,

Orang yang bisa menguasai diri adalah orang yang kuat

Karena ia bisa mengendalikan segala nafsu keduniawian.



Sadarkah teman bahwa engkau juga memiliki cukup Kekuatan

untuk mengatasi segala permasalahan dalam hidup ini?

Dimanapun, seberat dan serumit apapun juga.

Karena pencobaan tidak akan pernah dibiarkan melebihi kekuatan kita.


~~ GOD WILL MAKE A WAY!~~



Posted at 11:17 pm by Hohok
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Thursday, October 13, 2005
ular pithon&Edor

ULAR SANCA

Oleh : Boeadi

 

Ular sanca/ular sawa (bukan ular sawah) ialah ular tak berbisa tapi dpt mencapai ukuran sangat besar & panjang. Rekor yg pernah dicatat Zoology Society & dianggap sbg ukuran maksimum ialah 13 m. Ular sanca meliputi beberapa jenis, tergabung dlm marga/genus Python dari suku/famili PYTHONIDAE. Ular sanca  dikenal dgn nama ular piton.

1.Jenis yg paling populer karena paling luas sebarannya di Asia & dpt mencapai ukuran paling besar & paling panjang ialah Python reticulatus dgn beberapa nama umum reticulated python, sanca batik, sawa kembang/puspa kajang.

Sebaran: Seluruh daratan India-muka & Indo-Cina, Malaysia, Singapore; seluruh Indonesia bgn Barat & Timur kecuali daratan Papua.  

 

2.Jenis kedua mirip dgn jenis pertama dgn sebaran yg agak lebih sempit & lebih pendek (4-5m) ialah Python molurus disebut juga Indian python, sanca bodo sawa manuk.

Sebaran: Dari India sampai Cina Selatan, P. Hainan; Myanmar - Thailand - Khmer - Laos - Vietnam; Kalimantan - Serawak - Sabah; Jawa - Nusa Barong, Sumbawa dan Sulawesi. 

 

3.Python curtus atau blood python, sanca pendek, sawa gendang, sanca padi. Disebut blood python karena disamping pola corak warna tubuhnya, juga punya warna dasar kemerah-merahan seperti darah. Sebutan sanca pendek & sawa gendang karena tubuhnya relatif sangat pendek (maksimum 2,5 m) tetapi badannya besar & dpt mencapai sebesar paha orang, tampak buncit seperti bentuk gendang. Dinamakan sanca padi di Sumatera, konon karena tubuhnya seperti bentuk perut padi, suatu ungkapan yg biasa dipakai untuk melukiskan bentuk betis yg elok seseorang perempuan.

Sebaran : Di Sumatra & Kalimantan, di Malaysia, Thailand dan Vietnam.

Kulit ular sanca karena pola corak & warnanya yg menawan maka menjadi komoditi ekspor, yg tiap tahun harus mengikuti peraturan & pembatasan jumlah (kuota) CITES & tak boleh dilampaui.

Dua jenis ular pithon yg boleh diperdagangkan dgn restu CITES Appendix II (dgn syarat harus dimonitor berkala di lapangan bahwa populasinya di alam tdk terancam akan punah), yaitu: Python reticulatus & P. curtus. Sedangkan P. molurus bivittatus sudah sejak lama dilindungi sebagaimana satwa yg dilindungi lainnya. Alasannya karena P. molurus (anak jenis bivittatus) adalah endemik di kawasan Indonesia & sangat langka. (dimuat pada WARTA IWF Vol. 7 No. 3 Juli 2003)

 

ULAR EDOR

(Calloselasma rhodostoma)

Oleh : Boeadi

Nama umum yg sudah populer ular ini adalah ular tanah. Beberapa nama lain di antaranya ialah ular bandotan/oray gibug/oray bedudak/ular kapak & ular bedor. Nama edor yg diberikan penduduk setempat mungkin berasal dari kata bedor, yang berarti panah. Dinamakan demikian karena kepalanya mirip ujung anak panah, berbentuk segitiga. Ular ini memang tergolong ular berbahaya. Ia dapat menyambar mangsanya dgn lompatan pendek & cepat dgn arah yg tepat, melejit seperti anak panah. Karuan saja ia pantas bila disebut ular panah.

Pada waktu pertama-tama ular ini ditemukan, ia diberi nama Trigonocephalus rhodostoma. Beberapa nama lain terdahulu di antaranya ialah Ancistrodon rhodostoma & Agkistrodon rhodostoma. Tetapi nama ilmiah yg berlaku sekarang adalah Calloselasma rhodostoma; termasuk dlm suku/famili VIPERIDAE. Panjang tubuh ular dewasa jantan antara  350 – 800 mm & ular betina sampai 1045 mm.

Ular edor tdk hanya terdapat di Karimunjawa, tetapi juga di daratan Jawa & P. Kangean. Sebarannya sangat terbatas, tidak terdapat di Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Maluku maupun Papua. Di Pulau Jawa-pun ia hanya ditemukan di Jawa Barat & beberapa tempat di Jawa Timur: di Surabaya, Malang & Kediri.  Di luar Indonesia, ular ini terdapat di Thailand, Vietnam & Semenanjung Malaya bagian utara.

Habitat ular edor adalah daratan (terrestrial), selalu di atas tanah, tdk dpt memanjat pohon. Ia bersembunyi di bawah serasah/daun-daun kering, akar & batu-batuan. Jenis ular ini  hidup di daerah yg kemaraunya berlangsung sedikitnya satu bulan sampai empat bulan dlm setahun.

Sifat hidupnya nocturnal, artinya ia giat mencari makan (mangsa) pd waktu malam. Pada waktu siang ia tidur di bawah akar atau batu-batuan. Corak warna tubuhnya yg mirip dgn lingkungannya, sehingga ia dpt menyamar (berkamuflase) seperti warna lingkungannya sehingga mata kita harus jeli agar dapat mengenalnya pada waktu siang hari pd jarak pandang yg tdk terlalu jauh. Memang, biasanya orang yg menjadi korban patukan ular ini tidak menyadari bahwa di dekatnya ada ular edor melingkar yg mendekam tak bergerak dgn posisi kepala mendongak siap menyergap bila ada musuh mendekat.

Sikapnya yg pendiam pd siang hari & patukannya yg mematikan, membuat banyak orang merasa ngeri menghadapi ular ini. Tapi sebenarnya jarang sekali ada kasus orang dipatuk ular edor, sebab selain langka, ia juga tdk garang. Kalau tdk tersentuh atau terpijak tdk akan menyerang orang. Kehadirannya juga umumnya jauh dari hunian masyarakat. (Dimuat pada WARTA IWF Vol. 6 No. 4 Oktober 2002).


Posted at 12:13 am by Hohok
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Friday, July 29, 2005
reptil

Screaminghawk

Reptiles & Amphibians in Westmoreland County PA

or nearby, & other critters

snapper.gif
Snapping Turtle


Snakes | Lizards | Turtles | Frogs | Salamanders
Anti-ESA editorial | Reply to Anti-ESA editorial | Atlas Project
Roadways endanger reptiles & amphibians | Freshwater Jellyfish | Pectinatella magnifica

[Home]

As of June 10 for the year 2005 I've seen 5 dead Black Rat Snakes, all but one road kill. The exception was one seen in Packsaddle Gap that apperantly had been preyed upon and the tail end eaten off. Four road kill were seen in one day, June 10. Other roadkill seen June 10 while bicycling: 2 Porcupine, Canada Goose, Groundhog on Rt56 in Conemaugh Gorge. Live snakes seen so far in 2005: Timber Rattlesnake (Black and Yellow/Brown), Northern Watersnake, Queen Snake, Ring-necked Snake, Eastern Milk Snake.

The winter of 2000-2001 was a long, cold winter. Lakes & ponds were frozen over for two months, from December and well into Feburary. The spring thaw came slowly. The timing for spring mating of amphibians came later than last year. A naturalist living in the Ligonier Valley had this to say in an email message dated April 4, 2001;

Things come late to the Ligonier Valley. My wood frogs have finally emerged and were in song this morning. To compare to last year, I first heard them on March 8! They are 3.5 weeks late.
Wood Frogs can still be heard croaking in breeding pools as of April 7. I heard toads trilling last night for the first time this spring. Two friends, Frank & Kathy, their dog Bob - a 150 pound Great Dane - and I went to the Conemaugh River Lake the night of April 7, 2001 for hearing & seeing amphibians. We were there from 8pm until 11pm. It was a warm, summerlike night, with the temperature around 70 degrees (it had been in the 80s during the day) and a full moon. It was the first, summerlike warm/hot day we've had this spring. We heard & saw many Spring Peepers, including mating pairs, Wood Frogs, & saw Green Frogs. We also saw 13 Spotted Salamanders in shallow pools of water. The salamanders were from 7 to 8 inches in length, & chubby. It was a interesting excursion. We also saw one Garter Snake. Towards the end of our time at the lake clouds began rolling in, there were flashes of lightening behind distant hills, and the rumbling of thunder.
On March 30 2003, from 12:45 AM to 2:20 AM, we saw 106+ Spotted Salamanders in water ditches alongside a trail. April 6 2003, from 12:30 AM to 2:30 AM, we saw 309+ Spotted Salamanders. One swirling mass of breeding salamanders contained 40-50 individuals. The air temperature that night was a balmy 62 degrees with a light rain.


Freshwater Jellyfish

Yes, there are naturally occurring jellyfish in Westmoreland County!

jellyf2.jpg jellyf3.jpg jellyf1.jpg


Freshwater Jellyfish photographed by me at Loyalhanna Lake, August 1998.
(Quality of viewed image depends upon your video system. The video system may or may not have the resources to render the image file at its best.)


On July 28 1998 at the Loyalhanna Lake in Westmoreland County I kayaked over a bloom of freshwater jellyfish. I caught some in an aquarium fish net and placed them in water in a clear plastic container to get a closer look and for taking some photographs. The fresh water jellyfish (Craspedacusta sowerbii) have been seen at several waterways in PA. In western PA they have been seen at Pymatuning Reservoir, Loyalhanna Lake, Allegheny River, and Crooked Creek. A few years ago I picked up a brochure funded by the PA Fish and Boat Commission thru the PA Wild Resource Conservation Fund, about a scientific inquiry into the distribution and abundance of freshwater jellyfish in PA by the IUP (Indiana University of Pennsylvania) Biology Department:
"C. sowerbii jellyfish are about the size of a quarter when fully grown. They are umbrella shaped and have a whorl of string-like tentacles around their circular edge. The tentacles have thousands of stinging cells that they use to capture their prey. The jellyfish are usually somewhat translucent, with a whitish or greenish tinge. Often, large flat sex organs hang from the underside of the jellyfish. These organs can make spotting the jellyfish easier since they are not translucent...are most often found in calm, freshwater lakes, reservoirs, man-made impoundments, and water-filled gravel pits or quarries. They can also be found in recreational fishing and boating areas. They have been seen in large river systems like the Allegheny River, the Ohio River, and the Tennessee River. The Jellyfish prefer standing water rather than currents. So, they generally are not seen in fast flowing streams or rivers...C. sowerbii jellyfish eat tiny, microscopic zooplankton that are found suspended throughout the water...Although, like other jellyfish, they have stinging cells, they cannot penetrate your skin. When would I see them? Usually late summer. August and September are the peak months for jellyfish sighting when lake water is very warm and food is abundant. The jellyfish will be floating or swimming gently just below the surface of the water. They are easily seen by the naked eye. They often surface in large numbers (called "blooms") in middle or late afternoon. Sunny days are especially good for spotting jellyfish."
Links: IUP Jellyfish page | Hide & Seek Sea: Freshwater Jellyfish

Bryozoa (Moss Animals); Pectinatella magnifica

At Loyalhanna Lake, Keystone State Park, Donegal Lake there can be seen, in shallow water during the latter half of summer, masses of the moss animal Pectinatella magnifica (Phylum Bryozoa). The masses, colonies of microscopic, individual translucent zooids, appear as jelly-like, gelatinous globs up to the size of a football or more. Brown on the outside, with whitish geometric, snowflake-like patterns on the surface. The inside of the mass is like a clear, silicon gel. The masses are attached to submerged surfaces such as tree branches, roots, rocks, pilings, docks, etc. Clumps that have broken loose can sometimes be found drifting free near the shore or washed up to the shoreline. The masses can be conspicuous encrustations on submerged twigs & branches, or an inconspicuous, slimy thin film on a submerged flat surface. Towards the end of summer the mass releases Statoblasts - small, dark brown disks with radiating barbed spikes that survive the winter to start new colonies the next year. The following pictures were taken at Donegal Lake, September 6 2003:

bryozoa1.jpg A mass about 7 inches long attached to the stem of an aquatic plant. The photo was taken with the mass placed in a small aquarium.


bryozoa2.jpg
A free-floating mass in the lake near shore.
bryozoa3.jpg
Mass attached to a rock that is lifted out of the water.


bryozoa5.jpg
A free-floating mass near shoreline. The mass had been attached to probably a submerged branch at the center indentation.
bryozoa6.jpg
Statoblasts stuck to hand after handling a mass.
bryozoa7.jpg
This photo of a mass attached to submerged tree limbs was taken at Loyalhanna Lake . The lake level had dropped exposing the mass to air.


The free-floating mass (had been attached), about 10 inches across. bryozoa4.jpg


bryozoa8_med.jpg
A large glob of bryozoa attached to a submerged twig at Keystone State Park, July 1 2004.


Here are links to some Bryozoan websites;
Bryozoa | Bryozoa | Bryozoa | Bryozoa | Bryozoa | Bryozoa | Bryozoa | Bryozoa


copperhead copperhead
Copperhead

Snakes (Don't Tread on Me!)

In the Latrobe area I commonly see (yearly without having to look hard) Garter Snake, Queen Snake, Black Rat Snake, Northern Water Snake. Less commonly I see (not every year) in Westmoreland County Eastern Milk Snake, Ringneck Snake, Copperhead, Timber Rattlesnake. The Northern Water Snake is often mistaken as a Copperhead because of the dark crossbands on the back (the shape of the dark crossbands are opposite between the species, in the watersnake the dark bands are widest at the top & narrow on the sides, whereas in the copperhead the dark bands are narrow at the top & widest on the side. Also the copperhead is not likely to be seen swimming in the water. The Copperhead is a venomous pit viper with the pit viper characteristics, the watersnake is not.) Most of the large black snakes seen dead on the roads are the Black Rat Snake, common in the county. The shed skin of a Black Rat Snake I caught in the parking lot of the A-Plus in downtown Latrobe, at the corner of Unity St. & Lloyd Ave. (Rt981), on a June night in 1996, measures 62 inches. I've seen Copperhead at the Loyalhanna Lake while kayaking. So far this season (2002) I've seen Garter Snakes, 2 Eastern Milk Snake (2 locations), 2 Black Racer (2 locations), 2 Northern Watersnake (2 locations), 3 Northern Copperheads (2 locations), 12 Timber Rattlesnakes (2 locations).

On August 16 1995 I came upon a Timber Rattlesnake on a road in the mountains of sw PA. The snake started crossing the road then stopped, its length taking up about a third of the width of the narrow road. I parked my car, got out and directed other cars around the snake, making sure none ran over it. The snake showed no intentions of getting off the road so I prodded it with a stick, which made the snake curl itself into defensive coils. The snake never did rattle or strike, & eventually moved into the brush off the side of the road.

According to the range maps of Peterson's Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians there are 20 species of snake that can occur in southwestern PA (or come close):

1)Northern Water, 2)Queen, 3)Kirtland's, 4)Shorthead Garter, 5)Easter Garter, 6)Eastern Ribbon, 7)Northern Brown, 8)Northern Redbelly, 9)Mountain Smooth Earth, 10)Ringneck, 11)Eastern Hognose, 12)Eastern Worm (comes close to sw PA), 13)Smooth Green, 14)Rough Green (in extreme sw PA), 15)Northern Black Racer, 16)Black Rat Snake, 17)Eastern Milk Snake, 18)Northern Copperhead, 19)Eastern Massasaugas (nw PA, Pymatuning Lake & Senango River areas), 20)Timber Rattlesnake.

Photos:
(Use your browser's Back button to return from the image)

May 2005. While walking forward with a camera to my face, looking thru the viewfinder adjusting the field of view for a landscape subject, I stopped to take a photo two steps short of this basking rattlesnake, without knowing the snake was there. Fortunately the field of view became satisfactory before I took two more steps to this rattler. The snake did not start rattling until later, warning and poised to strike (in self defense). It was a close call. I was wearing sandals on my feet. Moving to cover | Back to protection of cover | On the move.
A different day at another location Yellow phase, Timber Rattlesnake, 2005.

Copperhead @ Ohiopyle May 2000.
Copperhead @ Ohiopyle May 2000.
Copperhead @ Loyalhanna Lake, August 1996.
Copperhead @ Ohiopyle August 14 1997.
Copperhead @ Ohiopyle June 6 1997. On a rock ledge a Copperhead might be easy to spot, but when laying amidst leafy ground litter it takes a practiced eye to discern the Copperheads camouflaged form.
Copperhead @ Ohiopyle July 10 1996.
Eastern Milk Snake (40" long) on Rt381S on hill before Falling Water June 6 1997.
Eastern Milk Snake
Northern Water Snake, a young one, Loyalhanna Creek.
Black Rat Snake basking on a log at Loyalhanna Lake, Sept. 2003.
Black Rat Snake (5 feet long) caught at night in parking lot of the A-Plus Mini Mart on Lloyd Avenue in Latrobe July 1996. In this pic the snake is climbing a vertical stone wall alongside our driveway.
Black Rat Snake another sample of the Black Rat Snake's predisposition & skill at climbing.
Black Rat Snake enjoying a meal of a fresh roadkill Grackle.
Black Rat Snake with blue eyes before shedding skin.
Black Rat Snake in hand.
Black Rat Snake young one.

rtlsnake.gif
Ringneck Snake, young in hand.
Rattlesnake, yellow variation, June 10 2000, enlarged enlarged
Timber Rattlesnake, dark variation, July 28 1998. This Rattler was beside my car when I returned from a hike.
Timber Rattlesnake
Timber Rattlesnake coiled, rattling (buzzing), & ready to strike.

Two Timber Rattlesnakes, yellow & dark variations, August 8 1995. The two rattlers are intercoiled, their heads situated side by side, though the black head of the dark snake to the left is difficult to discern in the scanned image (the original photo is better). The images are in sequence as the snakes moved beneath the ledge I was on. They began to rattle in response to my presence as I leaned over the top of a cliff to take these photos:
Rattlesnakes 1 | Rattlesnakes 2 | Rattlesnakes 3 | Rattlesnakes 4

The rattlesnake was a favorite symbol among pre-Revolutionary War colonists, particularly the more militant ones. The flag of Colonel John Proctor's battalion of the Westmoreland [County] Association used the coiled Rattlesnake motif with the motto "Don't Tread on Me". John Proctor's gravesite is in Unity Cemetery, just outside Latrobe, two miles from where I live. Unity Cemetery dates back to before the Revolutionary War.

John Protor's grave marker in Unity Cemetery, Westmoreland County. Photo taken June 2005.

Snake bites:
Approximately 7,000 bites from poisonous snakes are reported annually in the United States, resulting in about 15 deaths, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most happen during the summer, and the majority are in the Southeast and Southwest. (source; Tribune-Review newspaper 7/19/2000 A3)
92 snakebites were reported in western Pennsylvania in 1999 - six rattlesnake bites, one copperhead, 54 nonpoisonous, 27 unidentified snakes and two poisonous exotic snakes. None were fatal. Not all snake bite victims are from rural areas, but also from snake owners, participants in snake hunts and snake sacking contests, and others. (source; Tribune-Review newspaper, 7-20-2000 pB1)

Treatment of venomous snake bite; www.fda.gov/fdac/features/995_snakes.html | www.emedicine.com/emerg/topic540.htm | topic2143.htm


Fence Lizard
Fence Lizard. Photo taken August 1995.

Lizards

Three lizard species are possible in Westmoreland County. Northern Fence, Northern Coal Skink, Five-lined Skink. I've seen the Fence Lizard. Caving (speleological) literature mentions a skink (species?) seen by cavers in the county.
Fence lizards are expressive: Fence Lizard | Fence Lizard | Fence Lizard | Fence Lizard
Use your browser's Back button to return from the image.
Box Turtle
Box Turtle, Chestnut Ridge

Turtles

Turtles that I see are Box, Snapping, Spiny Softshell, Wood, Painted, and Common Map (one seen at close range basking at Loyalhanna Creek in Loyalhanna Township March 29 1999). Snapping Turtles & Painted Turtles are seen by anyone spending time around water. The Loyalhanna Creek in downtown Latrobe has Snapping Turtles & Spiny Softshell. Both species have been caught by people fishing from the 1st ward bridge at the Rolling Rock brewery, and elsewhere along the creek. I once caught a Snapping Turtle when fishing for Largemouth Bass in a pond off the Derbytown Rd, working a purple rubber nightcrawler slowly along the bottom of the pond. Kayaking down the creek this past June 1st 98 I saw three large female Spiny Softshell Turtles basking on the muddy bank. They are wary. Usually the only sight of one a person gets is of the turtle slipping quietly into the water from a basking spot on the bank. It would be next to impossible to catch one by hand. I suspect the softshell turtles make use of the sandy beach area at the Bush Recreational Area of Loyalhanna Lake for laying & burying eggs. I, & others, have seen baby softshell turtles there. I know of a couple streams where Wood Turtle can be seen. My latest sighting was of two mating on the bank of an overgrown stream on June 2nd, 98. Two large female Spiny Softshell Turtles seen basking in the Loyalhanna Lake 7/16/99. A possible Red-eared Pond Slider was observed in the marsh area at Keystone State Park by an experienced nature observer with a high quality spotting scope, on the weekend of 7/10-11/99. If it was a Red-eared then most likely it was released by someone who had it as a "pet". The natural range for the species does not quite extend into southwest PA.

In June of 1994 a friend & I went to a bridge over the Loyalhanna Creek to investigate a commotion of noise from canada geese (we could hear the geese from his deck). We saw two families of geese along the shoreline frantic in their attempts to free a young goose that was trapped somehow by something in the water. Thinking the young goose had a foot caught in a leftover muskrat trap, or in a tangle of fishing line, I volunteered myself, wearing cutoffs & in bare feet, to wade into the mucky water to free the gosling. As I approached the gosling I was promptly confronted by the adult geese. They saw me as another threat. Large parent canada geese defending a young are something to contend with!! While trying to ignore their threatening overtures I proceeded to feel with my hands & feet (the water being too muddy to see into) what might be trapping the gosling. I could not feel any fishing line, so i moved my hands thru the muck in search of a muskrat trap. Couldn't feel a trap either. I began to wonder what it might be that had the goose so firmly caught. All I could feel was a rock underneath the gosling, or what I thought was a rock. When I began to lift the "rock" out of the water I soon found out the "rock" was, in actuality, a Snapping Turtle! The snapper had its jaw clamped firmly on one of the goslings legs. Not knowing what else to do I began pulling on the snappers tail, figuring to irritate the snapper into letting go. The snapper did let go, eventually, & I quickly got out of the water, a wet & muddy mess. But the gosling was freed, & happily joined the others. And the snapper, deprived of one meal, would have to find another meal somewhere else.

Unfortunately turtles are one of those groups of creatures that are especially impacted by the construction of roadways through or near their habitat. Every year I see Snapping Turtles & Box Turtles that are killed - run over by motor vehicles - when trying to cross a road. I once saw a Painted Turtle dead on the road near Keystone State Park (Painted Turtles usually don't travel far from water). To make matters even worse, highways are now built with concrete crash barriers between opposing lanes of traffic, trapping any creature attempting to cross the roadway, making it impossible for them to move from one part of their range to another. Not a good state of affairs for reptiles & amphibians, and becoming worse with every new road that is constructed, every highway that is "improved" with lane barriers.
To help alleviate the destructive impact of roadways upon wildlife some countries and communities now construct tunnels and/or bridges for wildlife to use; Toad Tunnels, Frog Tunnels, Squirrel Bridges, etc. Example:
Frog Roadblock
Police in the southern Czech region of Moravia closed a busy road to give local frogs safe passage to their mating grounds. Traffic was diverted along a pond near the town of Brno, located 125 miles southwest of Prague, to protect the amorous amphibians from being killed by passing vehicles. Hundreds of frogs are killed in the Czech Republic each spring while migrating to mating areas. A special frog tunnel was opened in north Moravia last year to reduce the number of deaths.
-from Earthweek: A Diary of the Planet for the week ending 4/2/1999

The following links will open in a separate window:

Peterson's Field Guide shows 10 species of turtle that can occur in or near southwestern PA:
1) Common Snapping, 2)Common Musk (nw & se PA), 3)Common Map, 4)Bog (nw PA), 5)Wood, 6)Spotted, 7)Midland Painted, 8)Box, 9)Midland Smooth Softshell, 10)Eastern Spiny Softshell.
Photos:
Painted Turtles @ Donegal Lake (photo from kayak).
Spiny Soft Shell Turtle (male) from Loyalhanna Creek in Latrobe. This turtle was in rehab after having been hooked by a fisherman. Note small spines at front edge of shell.
Spiny Soft Shell Turtle
Baby Spiny Soft Shell Turtle from Loyalhanna Creek Bush Recreation Area beach.
Snapping Turtle | Snapping Turtle at the pond at Conemaugh Dam. April 5 2001.

Pickerel Frog
Pickerel Frog, Loyalhanna Lake

Frogs

Frogs that can occur in Westmoreland County are American Toad, Fowler's Toad, Gray Treefrog, Chorus Frog (comes close; Western Chorus in extreme w PA, Upland Chorus in central PA), Northern Spring Peeper, Mountain Chorus Frog, Green Frog, Bull Frog, Northern Leopard Frog, Pickerel Frog, Wood Frog. Frogs I am most familiar with in the county are American Toad, Spring Peeper, Green, Bull, Pickerel, & Wood.

PeeperPeeper
Spring Peeper
can fit on a quarter
Wood FrogWood Frog
Wood Frog
note white stripe on upper jaw


Bullfrog (above) at Stoughton Lake Somerset County, June 2000


Green Frog (below) at pond on Chestnut Ridge, July 2000



Bull Frog along the old railroad grade at Conemaugh River Lake, April 1 2001.
Mass of Wood Frog eggs in drainage ditch along the old railroad grade at Conemaugh River Lake, April 1 2001.
Wood Frog laying eggs. The frog is in the upper left. It didn't take long for the mass to swell to look like the egg masses on the right. April 1 2001.
Spring Peeper | Spring Peeper mating in remnant of the old PA Mainline Canal at Conemaugh River Lake (not the canal section below the dam in the park in Indiana County), April 3 2001.

Salamanders

Peterson's Field Guide shows 20 species of salamander that can occur in southwestern PA (or come close):
1)Eastern Hellbender, 2)Mudpuppy, 3)Red-spotted Eastern Newt, 4)Jefferson, 5)Spotted, 6)Marbled, 7)Northern Spring, 8)Mountain Dusky, 9)Northern Dusky, 10)Seal, 11)Green, 12)Northern Red, 13)Northern Slimy, 14)Ravine, 15)Valley & Ridge, 16)Wehrle's, 17)Redback, 18)Four-toed, 19)Northern Two-lined, 20)Longtail



Photos by Tim Vechter copyright ©1999-2005.

For more images go here


Screaminghawk's links || Westmoreland County bird sightings || Top of Page || site map

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This page started June 9 1998


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Posted at 05:57 am by Hohok
Comments (5)  

ulo buta

 
Alien Species

Slow Worm
Anguis fragilis

Other names: blind worm

Description:

Despite its slender, snake like appearance; the slow worm is actually a legless lizard. The slow worm has eyelids, which snakes do not, and its tongue is short and only partially forked. The slow worm is uniformly covered in small and very smooth scales giving it a glossy appearance. Its underside too is covered in small scales as opposed to the large ventral of snakes. It is firmer bodied than any British snake and far less supple, its vertebrae being less well evolved for a legless lifestyle. They also lack the distinct neck of British snakes. Slow worms lack the conspicuous ear opening of other British lizards.

Adult slow worms are highly sexually dimorphic reptiles, and the two sexes are often easy to distinguish. Female slow worms are typically brown, bronze or copper, with relatively darker flanks and often have a dark vertebral stripe running the length of the back. In some individuals there may appear to be several more dorsal stripes. The ventral surface is very dark, typically a uniform black. With age, female slow worms may develop white markings, especially around the head and neck. In contrast male slow worms have proportionately bigger heads and their bodies are much more uniformly coloured, lacking the stripes found on females. The background colour of a male slow worm may be grey, buff, or various shades of brown, sometimes with tints of red or olive. As they mature male slow worms may become speckled in appearance and may also develop noticeable blue spots. This is almost never encountered in females. The ventral scales of males are less uniformly coloured and often paler than those of the female and are frequently mottled.

New born (Neonate) slow worms have very dark flanks and undersides with bright silver or gold backs, broken in both sexes by a dark vertebral stripe.

Total length: Usually to around 45cm, although island races may be bigger.
SVL: To 24cm, usually much smaller.
Tail length: To 25cm, usually smaller.
Neonates: 6.5-9cm long.
Scalation: Smooth and glossy, the ventral scales are small and indistinct from the dorsal scales and there are 26 rows of scales around the body.

Head scalation: frontoparietals reduced and separated, interparietal touches frontal and enters occipital, postnasal greatly elongated.

Population and Distribution:
Estimated UK breeding population: 660,000
Estimated number of UK populations: 7,400

The second most abundant British reptile, the slow worm is found throughout England, Wales and Scotland, but is far more frequent in the south. Dorset, Surrey, Hampshire and Devon are its major strongholds. It is absent from Ireland and many Scottish islands. Outside of the British Isles it is found across much of Europe (except Iberia and the extreme north), east through Turkey into Asia as far east as the Urals. Also found in parts of North West Africa.

Habitats:
Slow worms are found in a variety of habitats including woodland, heath, wasteland and arable land. It is a reptile that often thrives in church yards and in the south of England it often frequents gardens. A secretive burrower by nature it is usually found under stones and logs, and often thrives in the ideal environment created by dry stone walls. Slow worms are frequently found in hilly areas but rarely above 200m.

Behaviour:
Despite its secretive nature, during the early morning and late evening it may often be seen basking in heather or on top of dry stone walls, usually partially concealed by vegetation. This secretiveness is partly due to slow worms’ lack of limbs which make it relatively slow for a lizard and therefore vulnerable to predation, which is part of the reason for its secretiveness. Like other lizards the slow worm will shed its tail readily if attacked by a predator (hence the Latin name of fragilis), and males may extrude their penes (sexual organs). The shed tail regenerates later into a short pointed stub. The slow worm spends much of its time beneath ground where it often resides in ants nest. Even when above ground they are usually to be found underneath warm objects, buried leaf litter, or in dense vegetation. They are particularly fond of garden compost heaps, which may be used as hibernation sites (hibernacula), often sharing them many other individuals. Slow worms emerge from hibernation in between February and April.


Female slow worm among leaf litter

Diet:
Slow worms are often referred to as the gardener’s friend due to their propensity for consuming slugs, in particular the small grey slug Agrolimax agrestis. As well as slugs, other food items taken by slow worms include leatherjackets, maggots, small snails, earthworms and, particularly for young slow worms, ant larvae. Young slow worms will spend large amounts of time in ant nests where their densely interlocking scales seem to render them impervious to attack by these biting insects. Here they have a ready supply of food while the ants provide a degree of protection from mammalian predators such as shrews.

Reproduction:
Slow worms mate from April to June. This can be a violent process with the male grasping the female in his jaws behind her head during copulation. Between late August and Early October the female will give birth to 6-12 young. Slow worms are ovoviviparous, producing thin membranous eggs which incubate inside the body and hatch on birth. This non-placental viviparity (as opposed to the system in mammals where the young are nourished through placental attachment to the parent) is rare in reptiles but is also found in the Viviparous lizard and is an adaptation to reproduction in cooler climates.

Races and Subspecies:
All British slow worms belong to the subspecies Anguis fragilis fragilis.


Slow worm basking on open heath


Conservation:
While still frequently encountered in the southern counties, the slow worm, like our other reptiles, is slowly being pushed out of its natural environment by human development. Although they are the British reptile best adapted to life in our gardens, they still face persecution from people, who often mistake them for snakes. They are also regularly caught and killed by domestic cats. Slow worms can be enormously beneficial to gardeners by eating many garden pests, especially slugs, and can be encouraged by keeping a compost heap and leaving large rocks amongst flowerbeds of vegetable patches to provide them with refuge.

 

All content and images © onewildworld ltd 2003

Posted at 05:53 am by Hohok
Make a comment  

ular buta

 
Alien Species

Slow Worm
Anguis fragilis

Other names: blind worm

Description:

Despite its slender, snake like appearance; the slow worm is actually a legless lizard. The slow worm has eyelids, which snakes do not, and its tongue is short and only partially forked. The slow worm is uniformly covered in small and very smooth scales giving it a glossy appearance. Its underside too is covered in small scales as opposed to the large ventral of snakes. It is firmer bodied than any British snake and far less supple, its vertebrae being less well evolved for a legless lifestyle. They also lack the distinct neck of British snakes. Slow worms lack the conspicuous ear opening of other British lizards.

Adult slow worms are highly sexually dimorphic reptiles, and the two sexes are often easy to distinguish. Female slow worms are typically brown, bronze or copper, with relatively darker flanks and often have a dark vertebral stripe running the length of the back. In some individuals there may appear to be several more dorsal stripes. The ventral surface is very dark, typically a uniform black. With age, female slow worms may develop white markings, especially around the head and neck. In contrast male slow worms have proportionately bigger heads and their bodies are much more uniformly coloured, lacking the stripes found on females. The background colour of a male slow worm may be grey, buff, or various shades of brown, sometimes with tints of red or olive. As they mature male slow worms may become speckled in appearance and may also develop noticeable blue spots. This is almost never encountered in females. The ventral scales of males are less uniformly coloured and often paler than those of the female and are frequently mottled.

New born (Neonate) slow worms have very dark flanks and undersides with bright silver or gold backs, broken in both sexes by a dark vertebral stripe.

Total length: Usually to around 45cm, although island races may be bigger.
SVL: To 24cm, usually much smaller.
Tail length: To 25cm, usually smaller.
Neonates: 6.5-9cm long.
Scalation: Smooth and glossy, the ventral scales are small and indistinct from the dorsal scales and there are 26 rows of scales around the body.

Head scalation: frontoparietals reduced and separated, interparietal touches frontal and enters occipital, postnasal greatly elongated.

Population and Distribution:
Estimated UK breeding population: 660,000
Estimated number of UK populations: 7,400

The second most abundant British reptile, the slow worm is found throughout England, Wales and Scotland, but is far more frequent in the south. Dorset, Surrey, Hampshire and Devon are its major strongholds. It is absent from Ireland and many Scottish islands. Outside of the British Isles it is found across much of Europe (except Iberia and the extreme north), east through Turkey into Asia as far east as the Urals. Also found in parts of North West Africa.

Habitats:
Slow worms are found in a variety of habitats including woodland, heath, wasteland and arable land. It is a reptile that often thrives in church yards and in the south of England it often frequents gardens. A secretive burrower by nature it is usually found under stones and logs, and often thrives in the ideal environment created by dry stone walls. Slow worms are frequently found in hilly areas but rarely above 200m.

Behaviour:
Despite its secretive nature, during the early morning and late evening it may often be seen basking in heather or on top of dry stone walls, usually partially concealed by vegetation. This secretiveness is partly due to slow worms’ lack of limbs which make it relatively slow for a lizard and therefore vulnerable to predation, which is part of the reason for its secretiveness. Like other lizards the slow worm will shed its tail readily if attacked by a predator (hence the Latin name of fragilis), and males may extrude their penes (sexual organs). The shed tail regenerates later into a short pointed stub. The slow worm spends much of its time beneath ground where it often resides in ants nest. Even when above ground they are usually to be found underneath warm objects, buried leaf litter, or in dense vegetation. They are particularly fond of garden compost heaps, which may be used as hibernation sites (hibernacula), often sharing them many other individuals. Slow worms emerge from hibernation in between February and April.


Female slow worm among leaf litter

Diet:
Slow worms are often referred to as the gardener’s friend due to their propensity for consuming slugs, in particular the small grey slug Agrolimax agrestis. As well as slugs, other food items taken by slow worms include leatherjackets, maggots, small snails, earthworms and, particularly for young slow worms, ant larvae. Young slow worms will spend large amounts of time in ant nests where their densely interlocking scales seem to render them impervious to attack by these biting insects. Here they have a ready supply of food while the ants provide a degree of protection from mammalian predators such as shrews.

Reproduction:
Slow worms mate from April to June. This can be a violent process with the male grasping the female in his jaws behind her head during copulation. Between late August and Early October the female will give birth to 6-12 young. Slow worms are ovoviviparous, producing thin membranous eggs which incubate inside the body and hatch on birth. This non-placental viviparity (as opposed to the system in mammals where the young are nourished through placental attachment to the parent) is rare in reptiles but is also found in the Viviparous lizard and is an adaptation to reproduction in cooler climates.

Races and Subspecies:
All British slow worms belong to the subspecies Anguis fragilis fragilis.


Slow worm basking on open heath


Conservation:
While still frequently encountered in the southern counties, the slow worm, like our other reptiles, is slowly being pushed out of its natural environment by human development. Although they are the British reptile best adapted to life in our gardens, they still face persecution from people, who often mistake them for snakes. They are also regularly caught and killed by domestic cats. Slow worms can be enormously beneficial to gardeners by eating many garden pests, especially slugs, and can be encouraged by keeping a compost heap and leaving large rocks amongst flowerbeds of vegetable patches to provide them with refuge.

 

All content and images © onewildworld ltd 2003

Posted at 05:51 am by Hohok
Make a comment  

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